NUMBER : 40% of India’s population is below the age of 18. At 400 million, it is the worlds’ largest child population.

EDUCATION: Less than half of children between 6 to 14 years go to school.

DROPOUTS: About one-third of all children who enroll in grade 1 reach grade 8.

MORALITY: 70 in every 1000 children born in India do not see their first birthday; 95 do not see their fifth birthday.

IMMUNIZATION: Only 38% of children below age 2 are immunized.

DISEASES : Acute respiratory infection is the leading cause of child mortality ( 30%) followed by diarrhoea.

CHILD SEX WORKERS : There are about 2 million child sex workers between 5 –15 years, mostly in the 5 metros.

CHILD SEX TRADE : About 500,000 children are forced into this trade every year.

MENTALLY / PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED : 3% of India’s children are mentally or physically challenged.

CHILD LABOUR : Officially 17 million children in India are employed, 80% of whom are in engaged in agricultural work. A study found that children were sent to work by compulsion and not by choice.

DOMESTIC HELPERS :19% of children are employed work as domestic helpers.

TEACHERS SHORTAGE :In nearly 60% of schools, there are less than 2 teachers to teach class 1 to v ..

REASONS FOR DROPOUTS : High cost of private education. The need to work to support their families, and little interest in studies are the reasons given by 3 in every four dropouts as the reason they leave.

BUILDINGS : About 3% of primary school education is conducted in open spaces or tents…

ENROLLMENT :50% of Indian children aged 6 – 18 do not go to school. More than 50% of girls fail to enroll in school, those that do are likely to drop out by the age of 12.

FEMALE INFANTICIDE : In addition to the deaths of infants and children due to malnourishment and disease, innumerable and unrecorded numbers of girl children are killed with in hours of being born while many others are killed in the womb itself. Patriarchal norms, low status of women and preference for male children are the primary reasons that threaten survival of female children in India. The alarming fact is that female infanticide or fetuses has increased over the fast decades.

GENDER DISCRIMINATION : Every sixth girl child’s death is due to gender discrimination. 300,000 more girls than boys die every year.

CHILD ABUSE : Females are victimized far more than males during child hood. One out of every 10 women reported some kind of child sexual abuse during child hood. Chiefly by known persons.


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